Polyfragmented Dissociative Identity Disorder facts

Polyfragmented Dissociative Identity Disorder

See https://traumadissociation.wordpress.com/2015/02/22/polyfragmented-did1/ for words
DID (or the similar form of DDNOS) sometimes involves a very large number of alternate identities (also known as alters, alternate personalities, personalities, dissociated personality states or parts, dissociated self-states or multiple personalities, [5]:118).

Some professionals state this involves over one hundred alters, while others refer to “dozens” of alters. [1]:4, [4]. The alters may include fragments. Such large numbers of alters are likely to be caused by cult abuse, ritual abuse, or another form of extreme, sadistic abuse which extends over long periods of time and often involves multiple abusers. [1]:4, [3]:133

A larger number of alters results in less obvious physical signs of switching. [3]:27 Polyfragmented DDNOS can be particularly difficult to diagnose. [3]

DID became known as Multiple Personality Disorder with the release of the DSM-III in 1980, until the name changed to Dissociative Identity Disorder in the 1990s. During this time Polyfragmented DID was referred to as Complex Multiple Personality Disorder (Complex MPD).[2]:306


1 Haddock D, (2001). The Dissociative Identity Disorder Sourcebook. McGraw-Hill, ISBN 0737303948.
2 Kluft, R. P. & Fine, C. G. (1993). Clinical Perspectives on Multiple Personality Disorder. American Psychiatric Pub, ISBN 0880483652.
Miller, A. (2014). Becoming Yourself: Overcoming Mind Control and Ritual Abuse. Karnac Books. ISBN 1782412182.
3 Miller, A. (2011). Healing the unimaginable: Treating ritual abuse and mind control. Karnac Books. ISBN 1780499094.
4 Chu, James A. (2011). Rebuilding Shattered Lives: Treating Complex PTSD and Dissociative Disorders, 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 1118015061.
5 International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation. (2011). [Chu, J. A., Dell, P. F., Van der Hart, O., Cardeña, E., Barach, P. M., Somer, E., Loewenstein, R. J., Brand, B., et al.] Guidelines for treating dissociative identity disorder in adults, third revision. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 12, 115–187. DOI: 10.1080/15299732.2011.537247.

Related links

Losing time….failing to take account of my alters feelings.

The amnesia that is part of DID… the “losing time” can be really frustrating, but why does it happen?

Losing time….failing to take account of my alters feelings..


Flashbacks and Nightmares – PTSD and Dissociative Identity Disorder

Ingrid’s experience of living with PTSD and Dissociative Identity Disorder

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Dr Colin Ross: Cause of Multiple Personality Disorder (ie, Dissociative Identity Disorder)

Colin A. Ross, PhD is a psychiatrist who has worked extensively with Dissociative Identity Disorder and Other Specified Dissociative Disorder (formerly DDNOS), and he runs a trauma treatment center called the Ross Institute.

Here is a helpful video in which he explains what DID is, and why it is often diagnosed as schizophrenia by psychiatrists, and he goes into some reasons why the diagnosis is not well understand by them.

Here’s a few quotes explaining why DID (multiple personalities) and the Schizophrenia often get confused:

In 1910, Eugen Bleuler introduced the term Schizophrenia. This was one of the reasons 1903 through 1978 showed a dramatic decline in the number of reports of “multiple personality” after the diagnosis of Schizophrenia became popular, especially in the United States.

Starting in about 1927, there was a large increase in the number of reported cases of Schizophrenia, which was matched by an equally large decrease in the number of “multiple personality” reports. Bleuler also included “multiple personality” in his category of Schizophrenia. It was recognized in the 1980s that Dissociative Identity Disorder patients are often misdiagnosed as suffering from Schizophrenia and this is still the case now.” ISST-D, Guidelines for Treating Dissociative Identity Disorder in Adults, Third Revision (2011)


Related articles

Dissociative Identity Disorder – 5 books about healing from DID

Dissociative Identity Disorder (formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder) is often misunderstood and stigmatized.

These books describe the reality of having and recovering from DID. Due to the nature of the types of abuse experience by survivors of dissociative identity disorder these are highly triggering. Most contain descriptions of self injury, suicide attempts and incest.

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A Fractured Mind by Robert Oxnam

“Bob, I’m afraid our time’s up,” Smith said in a matter-of-fact style.

“Time’s up?” I exclaimed. “I just got here.”

“No.” He shook his head, glancing at his clock. “It’s been fifty minutes. You don’t remember anything?”

“I remember everything. I was just telling you that these sessions don’t seem to be working for me.”

Smith paused to choose his words very carefully. “Do you know a very angry boy named ‘Tommy’?”

“No,” I said in bewilderment, “except for my cousin Tommy whom I haven’t seen in twenty years…”

“No.” He stopped me short. “This Tommy’s not your cousin. I spent this last fifty minutes talking with another Tommy. He’s full of anger. And he’s inside of you.” Read more

Five Farewells by Liz Elliot by About Liz

I’m Liz Elliot, and I’ve written my memoir about living with DID because I wanted to share my story with other people so that it might help break down some of the illusions about living with DID.  A lot of brave people have done that before me, and I wanted to be a part of making change for people who live with DID like I do.

My Life as a Multiple by Dr Cameron West

First Person Plural: My Life as a Multiple by Dr Cameron West, source: books.google.com

One of the oldest books written about living with dissociative identity disorder, which was called multiple personality disorder at the time.  He describes here how the switches of identity affect his daily life.

“Janna knew – Rikki knew — and I knew, too — that becoming Dr Cameron West wouldn’t make me feel a damn bit better about myself than I did about being Citizen West. Citizen West, Citizen Kane, Sugar Ray Robinson, Robinson Crusoe, Robinson miso, miso soup, black bean soup, black sticky soup, black sticky me. Yeah. Inside I was still a fetid and festering corpse covered in sticky blackness, still mired in putrid shame and scorching self-hatred. I could write an 86-page essay comparing the features of Borderline Personality Disorder with those of Dissociative Identity Disorder, but I barely knew what day it was, or even what month, never knew where the car was parked when Dusty would come out of the grocery store, couldn’t look in the mirror for fear of what—or whom—I’d see.

The Magic Castle: A Mother’s Harrowing True Story Of Her Adoptive Son’s Multiple Personalities– And The Triumph Of Healing

by Carole Smith

When Carole Smith and her husband decided to take in a foster child that no one else would have, they knew ten-year-old Alex would be difficult. But nothing had prepared them for the unruly, self-destructive boy who stormed into their lives. Alone with Alex during the day, Carole was baffled by his infantile tantrums and violent, self-hating behaviors. Exasperated, she tried relating to him as the two-year-old he appeared to be, and finally, a door to Alex’s mind began to open.

Today I’m Alice: Nine Personalities, One Tortured Mind by Alice Jamieson

bookcover from goodreads.com

When Alice was a teenager, strange things started happening to her. Hours of her life simply disappeared. She’d hear voices shouting at her, telling her she was useless. And the nightmares that had haunted her since early childhood, scenes of men abusing her, became more detailed . . . more real. Staring at herself in the mirror she’d catch her face changing, as if someone else was looking out through her eyes.

I was spaced out, the catchphrase my friends at school used to describe their first experiments with marijuana and booze. This buzzword perfectly described a picture in my mind of me, Alice, hovering just below the ceiling like a balloon and looking down at my own small bed where a big man lay heavily on a little girl I couldn’t quite see or recognize. It wasn’t me. I was spaced out on the ceiling.

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