DES-II Dissociative Experiences Scale

The  Dissociative Experiences Scale is a screening tool for dissociative disorders. It assesses dissociative symptoms, and can be used to indicate whether a clinical interview for dissociative disorders may be helpful.

It is a questionnaire with scoring information explained, and states typical scores for dissociative symptoms in dissociative identity disorder, other specified dissociative disorder/DDNOS (referred to as Dissociative Disorder NOS), PTSD, borderline personality disorder and eating disorders amongst others.

Read more about the Dissociative Experiences Scale, and different diagnostic tools for dissociative disorders.

Printable copy of the DES-II (from

Online Dissociative Experiences Scale – II (DES)

The last page of the printable copy above states “The Dissociative Experiences Scale II (DES II) is a copyright-free, screening instrument. According to its authors, Carlson and Putnam, “it is a brief, self-report measure of the frequency of dissociative experiences. The scale was developed to provide a reliable, valid, and convenient way to quantify dissociative experiences. A response scale that allows subject to quantify their experiences for each item was used so that scores could reflect a wider range of dissociative symptomatology than possible using a dichotomous (yes/no) format.” (see Dissociation 6 (1): 16-23)”

Original Source

The original document was published in in the Appendix of the journal Dissociation, with different formatting:
An update on the Dissociative Experience Scale. Carlson, Eve B.; Putnam, Frank W. Dissociation 6 (1): 16-27.

which states
A second version of the DES has been developed that is easier 10 score than the original version. The response scale has been changed from a visual analog scale to a format of numbers from 0 to 100 (by 10s). The subject is instructed to circle a number for each item that best describes the percentage of time they have the experience. A copy of this measure can be found in Appendix A and researchers and clinicians are welcome to reproduce the scale for their use without specific permission.

A number of translations can be purchased from Sidran, translations include cultural adaptions (for example methods of transport in some areas may also include a bicycle).

Related articles


8 thoughts on “DES-II Dissociative Experiences Scale

  1. Pingback: Dissociative Identity Disorder – a discovery from 1584 | Trauma and Dissociation

  2. Pingback: The Mean One | Reclaiming My Narnia

    • The copy had confusing instructions so it had now been replaced with one I created, the original research started the questions and answers are copyright free, so the same wording had been used as the published research used. Feel free to copy, use, adapt as you wish.


    • Hello, for the sake of respecting the work of the test creators and with lawyers trying to squeeze every cent they can out of website owners these days, can you tell me where to find out about the copyright situation of the test? That would be of great help. Thanks!


    • Thanks for the inquiry – we’ve had a number of people ask about copyright so I’ve updated our information to make it clearer. The DES has always been designed free of copyright both there are caveats to the use in both research and diagnosis – effectively it is a screening tool and not a diagnostic tool so cannot of course replace a clinical interview.
      You might also be interested in the clinical interviews – Dr Ross has put the DDIS online (but training should be given for it) and the gold-standard SCID-D (now revised) needs to be paid for a specific training is needed to deliver it.
      If you need any more information feel free to get back in touch.


  3. I scored 19.64……………….Well I was diagnosed with social phobia, depressions with some manic phases, eating disorder(bulemia, now being obese again). I do have Anxiety, Panic attacks, etc. I do have the feeling it got worse in the last 2 years………Even though i take meds


Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s